Introduction to CouchDB with .NET part 25: connecting to CouchDB from .NET

Introduction

In the previous post we looked at how cookie based authentication works in the CouchDB API. This type of authentication follows a popular model in APIs. The user of the API will first need to acquire a temporary authentication cookie or token. This token must then be attached to the subsequent calls to the API as a means of authentication without sending the username and password in the request. Authentication cookies typically have an expiration date of some minutes. In CouchDB this is set to 10 minutes by default.

In this post we’ll look at how to connect to CouchDB from a .NET project. This is also the final post in this introductory series.

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Replacing substrings using Regex in C# .NET: date format example

Say your application receives the dates in the following format:

mm/dd/yy

…but what you actually need is this:

dd-mm-yy

You can try and achieve that with string operations such as IndexOf and Replace. You can however perform more sophisticated substring operations using regular expressions. The following method will perform the required change:

private static string ReformatDate(String dateInput)
{
	return Regex.Replace(dateInput, "\\b(?<month>\\d{1,2})/(?<day>\\d{1,2})/(?<year>\\d{2,4})\\b"
		, "${day}-${month}-${year}");
}

Calling this method with “10/28/14” returns “28-10-14”.

View all posts related to string and text operations here.

Replacing substrings using Regex in C# .NET: string cleaning example

We often need to sanitize string inputs where the input value is out of our control. Some of those inputs can come with unwanted characters. The following method using Regex removes all non-alphanumeric characters except for ‘@’, ‘-‘ and ‘.’:

private static string RemoveNonAlphaNumericCharacters(String input)
{
	return Regex.Replace(input, @"[^\w\.@-]", string.Empty);
}

Calling this method like…

string cleanString = RemoveNonAlphaNumericCharacters("()h{e??l#'l>>o<<");

…returns “hello”.

View all posts related to string and text operations here.

Join custom objects into a concatenated string in .NET C#

Say you have the following Customer object with an overridden ToString method:

public class Customer
{
	public int Id { get; set; }
	public string Name { get; set; }
	public string City { get; set; }

	public override string ToString()
	{
		return string.Format("Id: {0}, name: {1}, city: {2}", Id, Name, City);
	}
}

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How to create custom string formatters with C# .NET

.NET has a fairly large number of built-in string formatters that you can pass into the string.Format method. Here are some examples from the MSDN page about formatting:

String.Format("{0,-12}{1,8:yyyy}{2,12:N0}{3,8:yyyy}{4,12:N0}{5,14:P1}",
                                city.Item1, city.Item2, city.Item3, city.Item4, city.Item5,
                                (city.Item5 - city.Item3)/ (double)city.Item3);
String.Format("{0,-12}{1,8}{2,12}{1,8}{2,12}{3,14}\n",
                                    "City", "Year", "Population", "Change (%)");
String.Format("{0,-10:C}", 126347.89m);         

The IFormatProvider and ICustomFormatter interfaces will provide you with the methods required to create your own formats.

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Using NumberStyles to parse numbers in C# .NET

There are a lot of number formats out there depending on the industry we’re looking at. E.g. negative numbers can be represented in several different ways:

  • -14
  • (14)
  • 14-
  • 14.00-
  • (14,00)

…and so on. Accounting, finance and other, highly “numeric” fields will have their own standards to represent numbers. Your application may need to parse all these strings and convert them into proper numeric values. The static Parse method of the numeric classes, like int, double, decimal all accept a NumberStyles enumeration. This enumeration is located in the System.Globalization namespace.

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Introduction to CouchDB with .NET part 24: cookie based authentication for the CouchDB HTTP API

Introduction

In the previous post we looked at role-based authorisation in CouchDB. With roles it’s easier to assign users as database admins, database members and read-only users than working with names only. It’s enough to assign each CouchDB user to a role and the existing authorisation rules will be applied automatically.

In this post we’ll look at how authentication works for the HTTP API using cookies.

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