Making variables mutable in F#

F# takes immutability of variables very seriously. If a variable is declared with the let keyword then it is also immutable, meaning we can’t change its value after the declaration. In many popular OOP languages immutability only concerns strings but in F# all types are covered.

Here’s an immutable integer:

let thisIsImmutable = 3

Trying to assign a new value will fail:

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Ignoring the return value of a function in F#

From time to time we need to call a function which has a return value which we don’t care about. E.g. a function can perform some action and then return true if it has succeeded but throw an exception otherwise. In that case it would be enough to call the function and ignore the return value assuming that the function succeeded in case no exception was thrown.

Here’s an extremely simple F# function which only returns true:

let booleanFunction someInput =

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Introduction to CouchDB with .NET part 18: Mango indexes and queries continued


In the previous post we started discussing a new feature in CouchDB 2.0, namely Mango queries. Mango queries and Mango indexes are also based on views but these views are created for us, we don’t need to worry about them. Therefore Mango queries provide us with a tool to perform ad-hoc searches in CouchDB with a JSON-based query language. We spent most of the previous post on setting up a small database of ZIP codes that we use for our demos. The gateway to performing the queries is the POST /_find endpoint in the HTTP API. We attach the query to the HTTP request body. We looked at the various properties of the query where the selector is the most important. We also saw that the _id property is indexed by default and then carried out our first query based on the id.

In this post we’ll continue looking at Mango queries.

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Combinable enumerations in C# .NET

You’ve probably encountered cases with combined enum values using the pipe character, i.e. the “bitwise or” operator ‘|’:

Size.Large | Size.ExtraLarge

Let’s see an example of how to create such an enum.

The enumeration is decorated with the Flags attribute like in the following example:

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Introduction to CouchDB with .NET part 17: starting with Mango queries


In the previous post we discussed update design documents in CouchDB. Update functions make updating a document easier. They are not executed automatically when a document is updated. Instead, they must be called actively through a HTTP call. Update functions can make the update process easier since we don’t need to supply the revision ID. Also, they can have their own logic and add new rows to the document. An additional benefit is that we can send in the fields to be updated through the JSON body of the HTTP request. In other words we don’t need to provide all the properties of the document like in the case of a normal update we saw earlier.

In this post we’ll start looking into a brand new feature of CouchDB 2.0: Mango queries. A large part of the post is dedicated to setting up a ZIP code database that is slightly bigger than the demo databases we’ve been working with so far.

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How to pass any number of parameters into a method in C# .NET

You must have come across built-in methods in .NET where you can send any number of arguments into a method. E.g. string.Format has an overload where you can pass in a format string and then an array with the “params” modifier.

There’s nothing stopping you from using the same keyword to write a similar method, here’s an example:

public void MethodWithParams(int toBeMultiplied, params int[] multipliers)
	foreach (int m in multipliers)
		Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0} x {1} = {2}", toBeMultiplied, m, toBeMultiplied * m));

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Introduction to CouchDB with .NET part 16: update functions in design documents


In the previous post we saw how show functions work in design documents. Show functions are applied on a single document and are able to transform that document into a different format. The formats can range from simple string manipulations to HTML reports. The show function has access to the HTTP request as well with its rich object which contains the request headers, the cookies, the query parameters and much more. Therefore the HTTP request can also be used to refine the logic within a show function.

In this post we’ll look at the last remaining design document function type called update functions.

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