## Mixing asymmetric and symmetric encryption, HMAC hash verification and digital signatures in .NET

November 24, 2016 Leave a comment

**Introduction**

In this post we built a test application where we mixed asymmetric and symmetric encryption with HMAC hash verification. The message sender gets the asymmetric public key of the receiver and uses it to encrypt a symmetric public key. The message is encrypted with a one-time symmetric public key. The symmetric key is also used to calculate the HMAC of the cipher text. The receiver decrypts the symmetric key with her asymmetric private key and calculates the HMAC. If the hashes match then it’s safe to assume that the message hasn’t been tampered with on its way to the sender.

The communication flow is quite secure but we can tighten security even more. In this post we learnt about digital signatures. A digital signature is used to sign the hash of a message with the sender’s private key. The public key that matches the private signature key is sent along all other information to the sender. The sender can then check the validity of the signature using the provided public key. The trust is based on the fact that the public and private keys go hand in hand, therefore signature verification doesn’t need the private key.

The goal of this post is to extend the demo application with digital signatures. The sender will sign the message and the receiver will verify the validity of the signature.